What You Should Know about Flat Feet in Adults and Children in Albuquerque
For people who have flat feet, this condition may either be a normal finding or a cause of concern, particularly when it is accompanied by pain and discomfort. Painful flat feet in adults and children, if left untreated, may lead to further serious conditions. Thus, it is best to determine whether one’s flat foot is normal, or if there is a need for treatment or therapy. Primarily, a normal flat foot refers to the mild collapse of the arch of the foot. Some cases of normal flat foot may be caused by pronation. In most instances, a pronated foot is not a major issue, and it is usually easy to treat a painful flat foot. There are people who may suffer from a moderate collapse or flattening of one foot caused by a tendon tear on the foot’s arch side. This issue requires medical attention since the collapse may result to arthritis and further flattening of the arch over time. Lastly, when two of the bones in your foot grow together, this can lead to a coalition or fixed flat foot. This condition limits the movement of your foot, and it may cause serious discomfort due to arthritis.
Causes of Flat Feet in Adults and Children
Genetics is the main cause of flat feet, although overuse of the foot, use of incorrect footwear and trauma may also result to this condition. Once the posterior tibial tendon tears or becomes damaged, the arch will soon collapse. Equinus or a tight Achilles tendon may also lead to the flattening of feet since the heel tends to be a bit off the ground, requiring the foot to collapse just to maintain stability. A high percentage of children are born with flat feet, and about 80 to 90 percent of them develop a strong arch at 6 years of age. As for those who have maintained a collapsed arch, they may experience pain during physical activities since the leg and knee turn inward. This may also result to knee, back and foot problems. With this in mind, proper evaluation of flat feet in children is required to prevent deformities or severe pain.
Possible Treatment Options
Custom orthotics or inserts are advised for patients with a mild issue of flat foot. However, a custom arch support is required for those who suffer from flexible deformity as this helps bring the heel into the proper position. In addition, shoes with a wider toe box are recommended for flat-footed individuals because this type of footwear reduces the stress and stiffness on the foot. If all of these options do not suffice, a brace that supports the ankle and arch of the foot may be worn. This is ideal for people who have a mild tear, but are not prescribed to undergo surgery. In case these conservative treatment options fail, restorative medicine may help patients who suffer from flat feet. This option increases the body’s natural ability to heal damaged ligaments or tendons. To prevent complications or injury, proper support of painful regions is ideal during and after the recovery period. When it comes to tendon injuries, platelet rich plasma therapy proves to be an effective treatment option. In this method, the damaged tendon is injected with the growth factors in a patient’s whole blood. This ensures healing of the injured tendons over time.
Flat Feet Albuquerque
Flat Feet in Adults and Children – Surgical Options
Surgical procedures may be recommended to treat severe cases of flat foot in children and adults. For pediatric flat foot, an implant is positioned between the bones to support the arch, and the lengthening of the Achilles tendon may also be required to eliminate pain or correct the arch collapse. However, for severely collapsed arch, repositioning of the arch may be prescribed to help the foot reach the ground. Posterior tibial tendon tear is the usual cause of collapsed arch in adults, which require the tendons to be repaired while adding a second tendon for greater support and strength. For extreme cases of flat feet, bone fusion or realignment procedures may be required. Lengthening of the tight Achilles tendon may also help ensure a better range of motion at the ankle while preventing too much strain on the arch of the foot.
Why Consult the Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico for Your Needs?
After the analysis of the issue, our team of experts will recommend the ideal treatment option for your condition, specifically a non-invasive and cost-effective procedure. With the help of our bracing specialists, orthotic manufacturers and certified physical therapists, we can help you recover the fastest way possible.
Call us at (505) 219-2940 to schedule a consultation.