Author Archive | Foot & Ankle Specialists of Albuquerque New Mexico

plantar fasciitis symptoms

Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms and its Treatment

Plantar Fasciitis: From Definition To Treatment
Plantar fasciitis is a medical condition which causes inflammation in the bottom ligament of foot. Specifically, it protrudes to the heel bone that gives pain when a person walks or runs. Patients even claim pain in their heels when they get up from the bed early in the morning. But, this pain recedes gradually on regular movement of the foot. At the same time, it returns back as soon as a patient starts to walk again after a period of rest. Look for these plantar fasciitis symptoms.
Who Are At Risk Of Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is found commonly in runners and athletes. But, this orthopedic condition also affects patients with a faulty foot design or patients who are slightly overweight. The ligament tissues are prone to wear and tear. Their ability to act as a shock absorber reduces with time. And hence, it becomes essential to understand what causes stiffness in our connecting tissues.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis And Heel Pain?
As mentioned earlier, patients with a faulty foot design are prone to plantar fasciitis to a large extent. A flat foot or a foot with high arch is at maximum risk of contracting this orthopedic problem. However, a pre-existing foot design has nothing to do with a patient’s daily routine. On the other hand, athletes or runners can fall victim to this medical condition due to their rigorous workout schedule, which can sometimes lead to stiffened Achilles tendons and calf muscles. Plantar fascia is also commonly inflamed when a patient wears poorly designed shoes, which have an extremely soft sole or have an improper arch system. In a nut shell, plantar fasciitis is caused due to a number of reasons, and hence, it becomes essential for a foot surgeon to carry out diagnosis through variable techniques.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
Usually, doctors carry out diagnosis by looking at all possible causes of heel pain other than plantar fascia. First, they try to obtain the medical history of a patient; and second, they conduct various tests such as X-ray to understand the heel structure. After all the causes are laid down by a doctor, plantar fascia is finally considered the source of heel pain.
With time, technology has emerged as a winner in diagnosing heel pain. 2 of the most commonly used practices are listed below:
1.) Digital X-Ray technology: Here, the heel structure of a patient is diagnosed to look out for possible causes of heel spurs that are buried deep in the soft tissue. At the same time, X-ray gives information about stress fractures in the weight bearing zone.
2.) Diagnostic ultrasound: It helps in calculating the thickness of plantar fascia through image mapping of the foot from different angles. Any appearance of scars or tears in the plantar fascia is also observed with the help of ultrasound diagnosis.
Do-It-Yourself Non-Surgical Treatments
1.) Stretching exercises: Every patient of plantar fascia should stretch his calf muscle before taking first steps in the morning. He can also perform the stretching exercises before going to bed at night.
2.) Wear good quality shoes: Patients should avoid walking barefoot because it stresses the plantar fascia and puts undue strain on calf muscles.
3.) Apply ice pack: Use an ice pack 2 to 3 times a day to give relief to your heel from inflammation.
Advanced Non-Surgical Treatments
1.) Platelet rich plasma therapy: PRP therapy includes infusion of blood in the damaged region with the help of an injection under local anesthesia. This increases blood flow in the damaged tissue which quickens the healing process.
2.) Shock wave therapy: Foot surgeons suggest this cure for plantar fasciitis and heel pain patients who do not respond well to other conservative methods. Here, shock waves are fired in the affected region of the foot to kick-start the healing process.
Surgical Treatments
1.) Topaz technology: This treatment is suggested to a patient whose condition is worsened through gradual degradation of connecting tissues. Here, foot surgeons remove the damaged tissues by burning tiny holes in the foot skin. Then, natural healing of ligament takes place at a gradual rate to help a patient walk again with ease.
2.) Tenex fast procedure: Degraded scar tissues are removed from the tendons with the help of a toothpick sized needle, which is inserted in the affected portion under ultrasonic conditions. The energy generated through ultrasound waves breaks down the scar tissue, which heals naturally to relieve a patient from plantar fasciitis and heel pain.
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foot and ankle specialists of New Mexico

Bunions in Albuquerque

Bunions: What Causes Them, How To Identify Them and Your Treatment Options
We take a conservative approach to bunion treatment, and try to avoid using surgery if at all possible. It’s true that surgery is the only way to “fix” bunions, but often times it’s not necessary to relieve the symptoms. Custom insoles and better shoes can often slow the bunion deformity’s progression — particularly if caught during the early stages.
If surgery turns out to be necessary, we can perform it in our leading-edge outpatient surgical center or have it done at a hospital. Most patients find they can immediately put weight on the foot afterwards provided they wear a comfortable walking boot. We believe pain control is very important and most of our patients report they require little if any pain medication following surgery.
Bunions fall into three different categories: mild, moderate, and severe bunions, each with different treatment options.
Mild Bunion Treatment
Mild bunion treatment primarily aims to remove pressure from around the bunion area, as well as balancing the alignment of the tendons and ligaments. This treatment can include wearing shoes with sufficient toe room for the bunion, such as soft leather shoes which mold themselves to the deformity, as well as platform heels that provide good arch and foot support.
In some cases pads are also advisable, in order to shield the bunion from the shoe’s pressure. Your doctor may also recommend the use of an anti-inflammatory cream surrounding the bunion.
Moderate Bunion Treatment
Moderate bunions are those where the big toe pushes up against the second, sometimes even forcing itself under the second toe. If this happens the toe may buckle, forming a “hammer toe.”
If the initial non-invasive treatments do not produce the necessary effect, your doctor may suggest performing a bunionectomy in order to realign the toes. In a bunionectomy, the big toe joint is realigned to a normal position by moving over the bunion head. Ligaments and tendons are also balanced during the procedure to produce a more normal pull on the big toe.
Moderate bunion treatments produce rapid recovery, usually allowing the patient to put immediate weight back on the foot using a boot, and permitting a return to using tennis shoes in a month.
Severe Bunion Treatment
Severe bunion cases are those where the metatarsal or first long bone shifts away from the second one dramatically, which produces a very large deformity and looseness.
To correct severe bunions, a surgical Lapidus procedure is used to realign the shifted first metatarsal back to the natural position. The use of screws allows the bone to be held stable, keeping it from shifting again and all but eliminating the chance the bunion will return. Surgeons may also remove the enlarged area of the bunion, realign and cut the bone, as well as correct ligament and tendon positions.
Thanks to the use of a special plate for the Lapidus procedure, patients can usually put weight on their foot after 2-3 weeks instead of the usual 6-8 week waiting period.
Why Go To Foot & Ankle Specialists Of New Mexico For Bunion Treatment?
We are at the leading edge of bunion treatment methods. Between our treatment and physical therapy services, patients are able to get moving both faster and safer after the treatment. In many cases we are able to resolve issues to patients’ satisfaction without the use of invasive surgery. In all cases, however, our facilities as well as our world-class bunion specialists make for shorter, safer, less painful, and happier recovery for all our patients.
Frequently Asked Questions About Bunions Albuquerque Treatment
Q. Is surgery necessary for fixing bunions?
Technically, surgery is the only way to “fix” a bunion. However, not all patients require surgery in order to obtain symptom relief. Often, a conservative treatment is very beneficial to patients. We also take pride in developing individualized treatment plans for each patient that takes into account their personal lifestyle and physical condition.
Q. Should I have bunion surgery?
Not all patients are good candidates for bunionectomies. For patients with early stage bunions, less invasive treatments are well worth considering. It’s our goal to avoid surgery if at all possible, as conservative treatments often carry less discomfort and no recovery period. Also, bunions tend to get worse over time. This means that the best way to treat them is always as soon as possible.
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ankle sprains chronic instability

Ankle Sprains & Chronic Instability

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Ankle Sprains & Chronic Instability
An ankle sprain, also known as sprained ankle, is a tear of one or multiple ligaments in an ankle. The most common ankle injury is the inversion ankle sprain which leads to the tearing of ligaments on the outside of an ankle. If the ligaments don’t heal well unsteadiness might result. Ankle sprains are common sports related injuries in both kids and adults. If you have played any sport in the past, chances are you have experienced a sprained ankle. In spite of what triggered it, an ankle ligament is subjected to a great amount of force.
Should you seek medical advice?
A simple answer to this question is, yes. Severe ankle pain ought to be evaluated by foot surgeons, especially if it follows an injury. Since ankle sprains are common, a vast majority of people underestimate them. They don’t understand how serious underestimated ankle sprains can be. A neglected ankle sprain can result in long term pain and instability which might require a great deal of money to treat.
Symptoms of an ankle sprain
Like all types of sprains, pain on the surface of an ankle and the foot is the primary symptom. One might experience an immense amount of pain in the ankle that worsens whenever pressure, however small, is applied to the affected foot. In most cases, pain is located outside the ankle bone and over the ligaments making it difficult for some people to place a foot on the ground. Also, bruise can be spotted on the injured foot. Bruise is produced as a result of torn and ruptured vessels. In most cases, the affected area swells because of the bleeding and tearing of ligaments in the ankle. The amount of pain as a result of swelling, however, may vary depending on the severity of the injury. Some patients can hardly walk because the normal foot structure has been altered owing to the torn ligaments.
How we diagnose the intensity of a sprained ankle
Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico, one of the highest rated ankle institutes, evaluates and treats sprained ankles as well as chronic ankle instability. We have a team of well trained doctors who will evaluate your ankle using the latest medical technology. The first visit involves looking for stability as well as abnormal rotation in order to identify the intensity of the injury and how to treat it. Our physicians will then do muscle testing in order to evaluate weakness or injury. Differentiating between an ankle sprain and an ankle fracture may be difficult, and at times foot surgeons may perform an x-ray. The doctor will take X-rays to ascertain if there are other fractures from a ligament injury. In severe cases, the doctor will take special stress x-ray to ascertain the intensity of damage. While rare, the physician may order an MRI scan if he suspects a severe damage to your ligaments. Physicians at Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico may also order a CT scan to determine the loose pieces of the bone or bone injury.
Treatments for severe sprained ankles and ligament tears
A doctor will explain to you that a well treated ankle sprain generally heal properly. However, overworking your ankle before regaining your fitness can result in more sprains. Protecting your ligament properly after the sprain can result in a better lasting outcome.
Prescribed therapy
After carefully assessing your condition, our doctors will prescribe proper therapies. This might include cold therapy and compression. They may also prescribe more aggressive treatment options depending on the intensity of your injury. Studies show that 30% of sprained ankle may continue with pain and swelling for some time and require aggressive treatments. In such cases, a surgery is required.
Why you should be treated by us?
Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico is one of the highest rated providers of foot and ankle care in the US and it’s easy to see why. They have well trained medical staff who will evaluate and treat your ankle problem correctly and professionally. From warm reception and evaluation of sprained ankle to any surgical care, these professionals will help get your life back on track. Because Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico was established by doctors who were passionate about educating, it has grown to become a leader in internists, emergency rooms and physical therapists concerning the importance of treating patients in a timely and comprehensive manner. Our proven track record should give patients confidence that we will offer them the best treatment.
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achilles tendon injuries

Achilles Tendon Injuries Albuquerque

Achilles Tendon Injuries
What are Achilles tendons?
These tendons are a pivotal part of your foot mobility. They are responsible for walking, jumping and even using your tip-toes. Since it runs from the calf all the way to the foot, it is the strongest and largest tendon in the body. To put this into perspective, it can hold up to 1000 pounds. However, when this tendon is injured, there is nothing to smile about. It is very painful and can disable mobility of your foot.
Treatment for Achilles injuries
Repairing the damage of Achilles tendons is complex. It takes intricate surgeries by experts. Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico have a lot of insight into the treatment of Achilles tears. There are new state-of-the-art technologies that have been devised to improve the repair of these vital tendons. They include special hardware that has been developed with advanced graft material in cooperation with doctors and manufacturers. With this respect, this technology has made reconstruction of Achilles tears better and more effective.
The common injuries of these tendons
A health expert should be in a position to inform you the type of injury you have. When it comes to the Achilles; the most likely injuries include the following;
Achilles tendonitis is the inflammation as well as soreness of the tendon. It causes stiffness and pain at the back of the tendon where there is an attachment with the heel bone. This condition is caused by inflammation of the tendon owing to various factors.
Achilles tendonosis is a condition that progresses from the one mentioned above. In fact, they are similar. The difference is that tendonosis occurs when tendonitis becomes chronic. This is due to the fact that tendonitis was not treated properly and it became worse. A lot of pain is involved because of the already formed scar tissue which causes more pressure and pulling in the tendon. Many people will be tempted to wait for the pain to go away on its own. However, this is usually a bad idea. The body should not adjust to the injury because it might become very difficult to treat. In this regard, always seek medical help even if the pain is not intense; you might avert a crisis in the future.
Treatment available for Achilles tendon injuries
Before looking at the interventions for this problem, it is good to emphasize that treatment is effective when the problem is fresh. Do not wait for the body to accept the injury. Always seek help immediately after injury. To this effect, people who seek treatment early will solve the problem 90% of the time.
Tradition interventions for injuries
Muscle training through physical therapy is one of the most common conservative methods of treating this condition. You will be trained accordingly to ensure that your muscles shape up through therapy to improve the problem. Pain and discomfort can also be eliminated through physical therapy. Therapy is also geared to helping patients achieve the needed flexibility. Another conservative method of treating this condition is through the use of custom orthotics. They are molded to fit individual shoes helping absorb the impact in areas that are painful. The orthotics are also used to correct the foot alignment as well as to help improve balance. The above interventions should work just fine when treatment is sought early.
Non-surgical intervention
PRP Injections
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used to treat Achilles tendonitis as well as tendonosis. It is an injection of growth factors in the body which help boost the healing process in the tissues that have been injured.
Surgical interventions
Although very rare, Achilles tendonitis surgery can be done to reduce stiffness. This stiffness is responsible for swelling and pain. It involves the lengthening of the calf muscles which reduce the stress in the tendon for better mobility.
Another intervention that is not so common is Achilles tendonosis surgery. It involves the cleaning up of the tendon to remove scar tissue which makes it hard for healing to occur. With this surgery, the patient will be in a mode where the tendon will heal properly.
Why Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico?
Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico have proper expertise to take care of your Achilles tendon. In addition to using top notch equipment for diagnostics and treatment, the specialists are highly trained to tackle all issues including tough surgeries when necessary. Patients can rest assured that whether they have minor tears or more serious tendon problems; they can get the right help.
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Toenail Fungus Albuquerque

Toenail Fungus Albuquerque

Everything You Should Know about Toenail Fungus Albuquerque (Onychomycosis)
There are different types of fungi that thrive in the environment, although these mostly grow in moist and dark areas. Most fungi are also considered harmless, and they only cause health problems once they penetrate in your skin. This usually happens when your body comes into contact with objects where fungi are present.
Facts about Toenail Fungus (Onychomycosis)
When you wear your stockings or shoes for hours, it is typical for the feet to perspire because of a lack of ventilation. With frequent exposure to this type of condition, fungal infection may occur. Fungi can penetrate quickly through cuts or open wounds and when you are just recovering from an injury. As irritation to your toes worsen, the nail may soon separate from the toe bed, which signals a form of nail disease. Onychomycosis or fungal infections of the nails may arise, and it must be treated properly to prevent the condition from causing further problems to your toenails.
Toenail Fungus (Onychomycosis) Symptoms
If you suspect that you have fungal nail infection, the very first thing to check is the quality of your nails. Generally, people who suffer from toenail fungus have thick nails, which may appear greenish, yellowish or black in color. Once your nails have these qualities, you will notice that they will become quite brittle and prone to breakage. In fact, your nails may even break off from the infected toe.
Over time, inflammation of the skin underneath and surrounding the nail may occur. Eventually, some yellow or white patches may appear on the nail bed. The skin next to your nail may also have a scaly texture, and you may start noticing that your foot emits an unpleasant odor.
Common Causes of Toenail Fungal Infection
Ageing and poor health may cause poor blood circulation, which means fresh supply of blood may be unable to reach some areas of your foot including the toe bed. Since fungi can thrive for a number of years, it can initially infect vulnerable parts of your body. Once fungi affect your nails, you may notice that these areas may grow much slower than normal. Your nails may also become thicker and slightly discolored.
There are several other potential causes of toenail fungal infection including shoes and socks with poor ventilation, humid environment, excessive foot perspiration, walking barefoot in shower rooms or gyms, diabetes and athlete’s foot.
Treatment Options for Toenail Fungus (Onychomycosis)
There are numerous options to choose from when it comes to treating toenail fungal infection. However, your choice still depends on the severity of the condition and how your body will react to your choice of treatment. Based on studies, some of the most effective treatment methods for this fungal infection include:
1. Topical
The use of topical medication
is the initial form of treatment prescribed to people with toenail fungus. It may be administered in various ways such as a gel, nail polish or cream. You may either purchase OTC anti-fungal creams or request for a prescription cream from your doctor.
2. Oral
Aside from using topical medication, you may take oral pills that can help treat moderate, severe and stubborn fungal nail infections. As compared to topical creams, oral medications work at a much faster rate.
3. Removal of the Infected Nail
When the condition is already quite worse, doctors recommend nail removal to treat this fungal issue. This method is performed with the use of a numbing injection, which allows the doctor to gently loosen the nail and separate it from the skin with the help of a special tool. Furthermore, only the infected portion of the nail is removed.
Choose the Experts for Toenail Fungal Infection Treatment
Certified doctors at the Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico offer you advanced technologies to address nail problems. Regardless of the severity of your condition, you can count on our experts who can provide you with painless, quick and effective treatment to this type of fungal infection.
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 foot and ankle specialists albuquerque

Ingrown Toenail Albuquerque

Symptoms Of Ingrown Toenails Albuquerque
Also known as Onychocryptosis, an ingrown toenail refers to a regular discomfort that causes the nail to curve downwards into the nearby skin as it is growing. An interesting fact is that this phenomenon of ingrown toenails is not common in people who go barefoot. But for inhabitants of New Mexico, going barefoot is not option. Most likely to affect the big toe, ingrown toenails can cause pain, swelling, redness and infection (also called yellow drainage). In most cases, this condition can be resolved without medical treatment. But if the case is complicated or chronic, it more often than note requires the intervention of a podiatrist
Causes of Ingrown Toenail
Some instances of ingrown toenails could be hereditary. If that happens, they are most likely caused by an imbalance that occurs between the nail bed and the nail plate width or over -curvature of the nail.
Another possible cause may be a toe nail injury that changes the contour of the nail. Other causes are toenail deformities (like a bunion that causes your big toe bend in the direction of the second toe) and wearing shoes that have high heels or narrow pointed shoes. These may exert pressure on the soft tissues and the nails, forcing the big toe nail to grow back into the skin. Incorrect nail care like cutting your nail too short, peeling it off at its edges or rounding the nail at the tip can result to ingrown nail. It is instructive to note that the biggest enemy of ingrown toenails is ill-fitting shoes.
Treatment For Ingrown Toenail
Conservative Treatment
When treating the ingrown toenail by means of conservative treatment, antibacterial ointment, warm salt water soaks and provision of a track for your nail to start growing are the methods that are used.
in order to get rid of the offending nail and to ease the pain, surgery of the ingrown toenail might be the solution. In case the whole of the nail has been affected or in a situation where the deformity is severe, the matrix and the nail plate may need to be completely removed.
Partial Nail Removal
In some cases, only the part of the nail growing into your skin is removed. Should it be that ingrown nails have grown on both two sides, they may be gotten rid of in one procedure. After taking the affected part of the nail, the nail bed, together with any other enlarged tissues close to nail plate, is removed. After that, phenol is used to destroy the nail matrix and the nail root. Lastly, the skin will have to be modified around the nail.
Permanent Nail Removal
Another common cure for ingrown nails is complete removal by the plate of the nail. The process involves removing the nail plate and destroying the nail matrix using any of the 3 methods:


This acidic chemical is applied to the nail matrix only. It works by destroying the nail’s growth cells.

Surgical removal

This involves the cutting of both the nail bed and the matrix. Stitches may be occasionally needed.


The laser heat is concentrated on matrix cells.
After a surgery that permanently removes the nail plate, your body will then generate a tough skin cover to protect the sensitive nail bed. A patient can only resume their normal activities after the covering develops. For women, nail polish can be used on this area.
Bone Overgrowth Removal
When the bone directly below the nail plate becomes enlarged, it develops into an outgrowth or a spur that can deform nail plate or even cause an ingrown nail. It may be necessary to remove the excess bone. This may be done at the same time with surgery to permanently or partially remove nail plate.
Post-Surgical Care
For most people, there is very little pain in the wake of a nail surgery as well as during healing. In case the surgery also involves the removal of the bone, be prepared for a longer healing process.
The Foot and Ankle Institute of New Mexico are the best bet for treating your ingrown toenails Our podiatrists have vast experience in diagnosing as well as treating ingrown toenails. Realizing that this condition can not only be painful but also unsightly, we carry out accurate diagnosis as well as treatment that are commensurate to our institution, The Foot and Ankle Institute of New Mexico.
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Diabetic Foot Care Tips albuquerque

Diabetic Foot Care Tips Albuquerque

Effective Diabetic Foot Care Tips
The high blood sugar levels damages the arteries by hardening and narrowing them thus restricting blood supply to some areas of the body. Therefore tissues and cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients resulting in a condition known as ischemia. Moreover, the nerves can also be damaged resulting in loss of feeling or sensation. This medical condition is known as neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathic and the narrowing of arteries gives rise to the diabetic foot. Since there is too much sugar in the blood, infections can happen very easily because the sugar provides an ideal condition for bacteria to thrive. Cells die gradually and if a full grown infection occurs, the skin dies and bones become infected. Therefore, the doctor must amputate the foot. In order to maintain healthy feet, it is vital to learn essential diabetic foot care tips.
Diabetic Feet Should Be Washed Gently In Lukewarm Water
Before washing your feet, check the temperature first. This ensures that the water is not too hot since it can easily burn your feet and you won’t feel it due to the numbness. You can also use mild soap in the water. Pat dry your feet gently rather than rubbing.
Inspect Your Feet And Toes For Injuries Such As Blisters, Corns, Lacerations, And Scratches Daily
Thoroughly inspect the top, sides, heels, soles and between the toes after bathing or after you’ve washed your feet or before going to bed. In case you cannot reach your feet, you can ask someone to help you inspect them. Do not use home remedies or over the counter medicine to treat injuries. If you notice any wounds or problems with your feet, seek immediate assistance from a qualified specialist in your local wound care center in order to avoid any complications.
Wear Diabetic Socks
This promotes circulation in your feet. Avoid socks that have tight elastic bands because they hinder circulation. Bulky or thick socks should also be avoided because they can irritate the skin. You can also wear socks to bed to keep your feet dry and warm at night rather than using a hot water bottle or heating pad.
Wear Diabetic Sandals, Shoes Or Boots
They are custom made to fit the size and shape of your feet. Use closed shoes that protect your feet from any sharp objects. If you are into hiking or jogging use good walking or running shoes.
Pay Attention To The Toenails
Cut your toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenail. Cut them short and file the edges carefully. This can be done after bathing when your toe nails are very soft.
Sanitize Pedicure Tools
All pedicure instruments should be sanitized after every use. You can also bring your own pedicure instruments just to be safe. Moreover, cuticles should not be cut too deep because fungi, viruses and bacteria can easily enter your body through cuts and thin skin.
Don’t Walk Barefoot
Some places such as the beach can be very hazardous to the feet. Therefore, you should wear hard soled sandals or slippers. The sole should be thick and hard enough to ensure that the soles of your feet are fully protected sharp stones or shells that can easily slice your feet. On the other hand, you should not walk on hot sandy beaches and pavements.
Don’t Wear Uncomfortable Shoes
Tight fitting or uncomfortable shoes especially pointed shoes and high heels restrict blood flow to the toes.
Don’t Smoke
Smoking narrows the arteries even further thus restricting blood flow to the feet. This worsens the foot condition.
Don’t Cross Your Legs
Avoid crossing your legs crossed for too long while sitting or lying down since this compromises circulation in your feet. If you are travelling, you can stretch and flex your feet in order to improve circulation in your legs and feet.
Go For Periodic Foot Examination
Visit Foot and Ankle specialists of New Mexico (Diabetic Foot Care Tips Albuquerque office) for your feet to be examined by a specialsist regularly in order to avoid foot complications that are associated with diabetes. On top of proper diabetic foot care, controlling and managing your blood sugar level through compliance to your medications, monitoring your blood glucose, diet, exercise and regular checkups is the best way to ensure that all efforts you put towards minimizing the effects of diabetes in your body are effective.
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hammer toe albuquerque

Hammer Toe Albuquerque

Hammer Toe – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Options
A toe that becomes bent due to joint muscle imbalance is referred to as a hammer toe. The toe may bend at one or several joints and middle part of the toe may get pushed to assume a claw-like position. Hammer toe occurs in four of the smaller toes and typically in the second toe. The toe may look odd and may even hurt.
If you experience such changes, you must seek proper treatment. Some sort of intervention is essential to experience an improvement in the condition. Outcomes are generally better if treatment is started soon.
Hammer Toe – What Are the Causes
Though heredity plays a part, other factors can also cause the deformity. The major cause of the condition is the difference in strength of the muscles and tendons that control the toe movement. Deformity sets in slowly and over time the toe becomes rigid. People with highly arched feet are at a greater risk of suffering from hammer toes. Again, individuals suffering from bunion experience elevation of the second toe to accommodate the big toe that bends inwards. In the case of some people, the ligament (plantar plate) holding the toe in position gets damaged (disrupted or torn) and the toe bends upward at the joint. Women who wear high heels or other ill-fitting shoes and children that wear smaller size shoes are at risk of developing hammer toes.
Hammer Toe – What Are the Symptoms
Hammer toe causes walking problems and other foot problems like calluses, sore and blisters. Pain occurs because of constant friction at the main joint of the toe. If you have hammer toe, then it is difficult for you use some types of shoes.
Hammer Toe Albuquerque
Our doctors examine the entire foot to determine the root cause. The toe is also examined to find out as to which part is affected, causing deformity. They will also assess if the affected toe is flexible or rigid. X-rays are called for to determine the extent of contracture.
Hammer Toe – Non-invasive Treatment Options
Non-invasive treatment involves accommodation, but not correction of the deformity. Some patients may experience some amount of relief from these treatments and, therefore, may not consider surgery as an option.
Better Footwear: Footwear that has a wider toe box as well as higher volume eliminates friction between toes.
Strapping and Toe Braces: Some strapping techniques and toe braces help to take off the pressure from toes when walking.
Custom Orthotics: Custom made orthotics help to redistribute the forces acting on the tendons and lessen the pain and extent of deformity.
Callus Control: Shaving off the calluses that come up on the toe and ball of the foot occasionally helps to reduce pain. Often, they recur because of the deformity.
Hammer Toe – Surgical Treatment Options
Correction of the deformity surgically is essential to bring the toe to its original position and make it more functional. It is a simple outpatient procedure and requires only limited downtime.
Fusing the Toe
Fusing the deformed, contracted toe in a straight position is by far the best option that is available to you. This is because it eliminates the need for surgeries in the future and prevents the return of the deformity. The Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico makes use of either a small screw or a new absorbable so that a metal pin does not protrude from the toe at the time of recovery. The absorbable pin cannot be used for everyone, but it affords more comfort than a protruding pin.
Removal of Hammer Toe Deformity
In the case of some patients, removal of a small portion of the bone in the deformed area decreases pain as well as the surgical waiting period. The toe may not be as stable as in the case of the fusion treatment, but arthroplasty is also a good option.
Hammer Toe – Why Choose Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico for Treatment
As far as hammer toe correction is concerned, the podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico have revolutionized the surgical treatment approach. It is not essential to have pin that sticks out of the toe after the surgery because it can be a source of infection and rigid fixation. Doctors at Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico make use of an absorbable pin or a small screw to enable rapid healing as well as early weight bearing.
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custom shoe fitting albuquerque

Custom Shoe Fitting Albuquerque

Custom Shoe Fitting and Keeping your Feet Well
If you ask any foot and ankle specialists, like the Foot & Ankle Specialists of New Mexico, they would agree that people are beginning to realize once again that “happy feet makes a happy person.” Whether you are training for a marathon or simply looking to take a nice stroll, having the right footwear is fundamental.
Obtaining The Perfect Fit
Current fitting-systems, no matter how fancy the name, must still force a person’s foot into a standardized shoe size. But shoes aren’t as malleable or stretchy as socks! And if you’ve seen many of the shoe styles today, you will see why more people are requesting custom fit shoes.
Living with the discomfort of ill-fitting shoes can lead to a number of foot issues as well. A 1991 study revealed that 70% of the population in the US incurs some type of foot discomfort due to ill-fitting shoes. The most damaging part of the study proved that the discomfort was easily amendable.
The prevailing question is why go to a store and pay good-money for shoes that eventually cause discomfort, when for a bit more, you can own quality custom shoes? By having a custom shoe fitting, you have a quality pair of shoes that not only alleviate problems, but they look good too.
Helpful Tips For A Custom Shoe Fitting
Even though we are not born wearing shoes, shoes are necessary for protecting our feet and of course, to make a fashion statement. Like any piece of equipment, shoes should be correctly made and fitted to fit your feet properly. Accurately measured and fabricated shoes should support the foot with proper fitting inserts that support the arches as well. The following shoe-fitting guide offers some helpful tips.

Measure Your Feet At The Right Time

Feet are apt to swell in differing situations and at various times of the day. The best time to measure your feet is during midday or late-afternoon after being on your feet for a while.

When Measuring Wear Socks

Wear the style of socks you will most likely wear with your customized shoes, since their thickness may influence your measurements.

Stand Upright and Balanced

Before you begin measuring, make certain that both-feet are on the ground, and make sure you are balanced and upright with the right foot placement.

Get Some Assistance

By enlisting the help of a friend, you are likely to get a more accurate measurement. Bending over to measure your feet yourself may affect your sizing and ability to measure properly. Even observing from a slight-angle could affect the results.

Give your Feet a little Space

If your measurement is on a length-line, it is suggested that you go the next half-size up so that your toes have a bit of space.
Your feet will not always measure Identically
Most people have one foot that is larger than the other. The important thing to do is to find out your shoe size by measuring the largest of your two feet. Of course, you should still measure both feet.

A Custom Shoe Fitting Makes Better Sense In The End

Custom shoes can be found in various styles, from dressy to casual to work boots. However, the majority of people pay the price for not investing in them! The price you pay can be foot-ankle discomfort, and suffering in other parts of the body due to wearing shoes incompatible with your feet. It’s better to pay a bit more now for well-fitted, quality, supportive shoes than to pay later with aching, disfigured feet. Whatever you are presently paying for your shoes, it’s worth it to pay a bit more for custom made shoes. In all probability, you will take care and maintain a good pair of custom fitting shoes that will last you 3 to 4 times longer in the end than those you buy now. Remember, quality shoes already formed to your feet that eventually need repairing is still better than consistently buying a new pair of shoes. When it comes to your feet, it’s never foolish to make a wise investment when purchasing custom fitting shoes. If you require professional help from a pedorthist (shoe fitting expert) and happen to be in the state of New Mexico, contact Custom Shoe Fitting Albuquerque at their main facility in Albuquerque, or any one of their satellite clinics on Albuquerque’s west-side, Tucumcari, Grants, and Edgewood. The facility offers a variety of specialized services, treatments, and therapies to ease discomfort from toenail care to orthotic-fitting for recurring foot pain, as well as foot and ankle surgery.
Call us at  to schedule a consultation.

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Flat Feet Albuquerque

What You Should Know about Flat Feet in Adults and Children in Albuquerque
For people who have flat feet, this condition may either be a normal finding or a cause of concern, particularly when it is accompanied by pain and discomfort. Painful flat feet in adults and children, if left untreated, may lead to further serious conditions. Thus, it is best to determine whether one’s flat foot is normal, or if there is a need for treatment or therapy. Primarily, a normal flat foot refers to the mild collapse of the arch of the foot. Some cases of normal flat foot may be caused by pronation. In most instances, a pronated foot is not a major issue, and it is usually easy to treat a painful flat foot. There are people who may suffer from a moderate collapse or flattening of one foot caused by a tendon tear on the foot’s arch side. This issue requires medical attention since the collapse may result to arthritis and further flattening of the arch over time. Lastly, when two of the bones in your foot grow together, this can lead to a coalition or fixed flat foot. This condition limits the movement of your foot, and it may cause serious discomfort due to arthritis.
Causes of Flat Feet in Adults and Children
Genetics is the main cause of flat feet, although overuse of the foot, use of incorrect footwear and trauma may also result to this condition. Once the posterior tibial tendon tears or becomes damaged, the arch will soon collapse. Equinus or a tight Achilles tendon may also lead to the flattening of feet since the heel tends to be a bit off the ground, requiring the foot to collapse just to maintain stability. A high percentage of children are born with flat feet, and about 80 to 90 percent of them develop a strong arch at 6 years of age. As for those who have maintained a collapsed arch, they may experience pain during physical activities since the leg and knee turn inward. This may also result to knee, back and foot problems. With this in mind, proper evaluation of flat feet in children is required to prevent deformities or severe pain.
Possible Treatment Options
Custom orthotics or inserts are advised for patients with a mild issue of flat foot. However, a custom arch support is required for those who suffer from flexible deformity as this helps bring the heel into the proper position. In addition, shoes with a wider toe box are recommended for flat-footed individuals because this type of footwear reduces the stress and stiffness on the foot. If all of these options do not suffice, a brace that supports the ankle and arch of the foot may be worn. This is ideal for people who have a mild tear, but are not prescribed to undergo surgery. In case these conservative treatment options fail, restorative medicine may help patients who suffer from flat feet. This option increases the body’s natural ability to heal damaged ligaments or tendons. To prevent complications or injury, proper support of painful regions is ideal during and after the recovery period. When it comes to tendon injuries, platelet rich plasma therapy proves to be an effective treatment option. In this method, the damaged tendon is injected with the growth factors in a patient’s whole blood. This ensures healing of the injured tendons over time.
Flat Feet Albuquerque
Flat Feet in Adults and Children – Surgical Options
Surgical procedures may be recommended to treat severe cases of flat foot in children and adults. For pediatric flat foot, an implant is positioned between the bones to support the arch, and the lengthening of the Achilles tendon may also be required to eliminate pain or correct the arch collapse. However, for severely collapsed arch, repositioning of the arch may be prescribed to help the foot reach the ground. Posterior tibial tendon tear is the usual cause of collapsed arch in adults, which require the tendons to be repaired while adding a second tendon for greater support and strength. For extreme cases of flat feet, bone fusion or realignment procedures may be required. Lengthening of the tight Achilles tendon may also help ensure a better range of motion at the ankle while preventing too much strain on the arch of the foot.
Why Consult the Foot and Ankle Specialists of New Mexico for Your Needs?
After the analysis of the issue, our team of experts will recommend the ideal treatment option for your condition, specifically a non-invasive and cost-effective procedure. With the help of our bracing specialists, orthotic manufacturers and certified physical therapists, we can help you recover the fastest way possible.
Call us at  to schedule a  consultation.

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